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Medical Issues

We work to help the people in greatest need, wherever they are. Our medics carry out more than eight million patient consultations a year and our medical activities run from basic vaccination campaigns to complex surgery.

Our emergency medical work extends to neglected, forgotten diseases and long-term care for chronic conditions. We also advocate for affordable, high-quality medicines for the world's poorest people.

Chagas is not as well known as diseases such as malaria or cholera yet it affects between six and seven million people and kills up to 12,500 each year.

Ebola (or Ebola haemorrhagic fever in full) is a highly contagious viral disease transmitted via bodily fluids. There is currently an outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

An obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and the bladder or rectum, through which urine or stool leaks continuously. They are devastating injuries resulting from complicated childbirths, affecting more than two million women worldwide.

Since its discovery in 1981, HIV/AIDS has killed more than 25 million people. HIV gradually weakens the body’s immune system, usually over a period of up to 10 years after infection.

Kala azar is the second largest parasitic killer in the world - only Malaria is more deadly. Along with Chagas disease and sleeping sickness, kala azar is one of the most dangerous neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).

Every year, malaria kills around 660,000 people and infects more than 200 million. Ninety percent of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa.

Nine children die every minute because their diet lacks essential nutrients. They will continue to do so unless food aid changes.

Many women across the world give birth without medical assistance, massively increasing the risk of complications or death. Ninety nine percent of these deaths are in developing countries. The majority are preventable with appropriate care.

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease characterised by a rash, and mainly affects young children. It is one of the leading causes of death in children, even though it is easily prevented by vaccines.

Meningococcal meningitis is a highly contagious bacterial form of meningitis – a serious inflammation of the meninges – the thin lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.

Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) teams have offered trauma-related care in over 40 areas around the world, including; the Russian Federation, Sudan (Darfur), Iraq, Congo and Kashmir.

Médecins Sans Frontières offers patients who have suffered sexual violence medical care, treatment to prevent the development of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and psychological support.