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Home to over 24 million people, Cameroon has one of the highest literacy rates in Africa and is often referred to as "Africa in miniature" due to its geological and cultural diversity.

Since 2011, violence in Nigeria has increasingly spilled over into Cameroon. Attacks by armed opposition groups and the counterinsurgency operations of the Nigerian army have forced hundreds of thousands of people from northeast Nigeria to seek refuge in Cameroon, Chad and Niger

Boko Haram burned our house and took all our cows and belongings. They kidnapped my wife and two of my children and held them in one of their jails. My wife managed to escape and is trying to join me in Minawao, but I don’t have any news of my children. I don’t even know if they are still alive.

Samuel 45, from Nigeria

Displacement and violence have put a further strain on Cameroon’s already weak and overstretched health system. In the area bordering Nigeria, health facilities lack staff and medical supplies and many have been abandoned altogether.  

In response, Médecins Sans Frontières has provided medical care, trained Ministry of Health staff, and donated mass casualty kits to local hospitals. Since 2016, MSF has scaled up activities in several locations in the north of the country, providing basic healthcare services (such as laboratory diagnosis, antibiotics, wound dressing, and physiotherapy), emergency surgical activities, maternal services and nutritional support in the UNHCR-administered Minawao refugee camp. 

MSF expanded its programs in several locations in northern Cameroon to assist people displaced by continuing conflict and insecurity in the Lake Chad region.

Our staff have carried out medical consultations, improved water and sanitation, and assisted with the construction of 32 kilometres of pipes to find a permanent solution to the scarcity of water in Minawao camp.

More recently, political tensions and conflict between the Francophone and Anglophone people of Cameroon have splintered the country. MSF is responding to the evolving crisis by providing medical assistance where needed.

Extreme North Cameroon: Responding to the humanitarian consequences of violence

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